SPORTS – Creative Disruption

Category: SPORTS




The bike has for many years a popular method to move around, get exercise, and even travel to all the places a busy person might want to go. It seems that the biggest restriction relating to the bike is that it is driven by human muscle. However, what if a person could possess all of the benefits of a bike, and additionally obtain the expanded range of power-assist? Now, with a Wave eBike, you can.

Just why might one choose to go with electric? The fact is an eBike gives the best of both worlds. You receive the activity and greater level of fitness that go along with riding a bike, yet you furthermore experience the assistance of the electric motor to prevent you from getting overly tired. You will not fret regarding being worn out once you reach your destination when you’re using your Wave eBike for transport and not just for fun.

This is due to the fact you choose to ride without pedaling, or you would like the assistance to expand your biking range for lengthier journeys, the electrical motor is there to help you. Basically, an electric bicycle is just a better means to get about your town, devote some time in clean air and pleasant weather, and have fun while doing so.

Perhaps the best thing could be that it is incredibly environmentally friendly. It turns out an e-Bike is a sustainable transport alternative that costs merely pennies compared to the cost of operation for any gas-powered vehicle. It can quite possibly be cheaper than public transportation. There are several very good reasons to switch to electric, and if you experience an e-Bike, you can expect to concur that it’s stimulating and enjoyable while additionally delivering a great green transportation choice.

Probably the most obvious appeal of the electric bicycle could be the means to regulate how much energy you prefer to put into cycling. The motor can always be used to pick up the slack if you happen to need to travel up a steep incline, or even whenever you want to increase your range.

You could choose to pedal at nominal levels of exertion applying pedal assist, or you could move around with no effort whatsoever because the motor performs all the work. The level of exercise you get, along with the level of your training, will be totally up to you. You can actually decide to pedal all out without the motor whatsoever, having as strenuous a workout as possible, and then allow the motor get you back when you have ultimately tired yourself out. The boundaries of the motor option are completely up to you. Interested in an eBike, but not sure what brand bike to buy? Read eBike reviews over at the eBike Owners website.

The eBike’s motor aspect is especially handy when you’re dealing with a really steep hill, or simply with a strong wind which you are struggling against. Wind or hills, with a Wave eBike, you are able to manage both of those conditions better, making it a lot more comfortable to bike up extreme hillsides and to slice through formidable headwinds. Quite a few folks have injuries or debilitating illnesses that make it more demanding to pedal very long ranges.

They are able to get on a bike, however due to knee, leg or ankle difficulties perhaps they can’t pedal for distances they may normally like to travel, or they don’t possess the stamina needed to make it feasible to pedal a bicycle for extended ranges. The ebike covers this situation, allowing an individual who would like to partake in cycling to journey farther than they could under his or her own energy.

The e-Bike’s electric motor provides a multitude of choices pertaining to how you handle your transportation desires. Not to mention whenever you ride your e-Bike you do not need to worry about costly insurance premiums or getting stuck in traffic.

An eBike is light and maneuverable allowing you to take small bike trails and journey into busy spots while scarcely slowing down. Once you arrive at your desired destination, just bring your eBike indoors or lock it to an appropriate bicycle rack. So much for difficulty finding a parking space.

handicapped sports



Sport initiatives are increasingly being viewed and promoted as catalysts to achieving a range of non-sporting objectives variously labelled under sport for social change or development, sport for peacebuilding and reconciliation and sport for education, equality and inclusion.

The UN recognises the vital role sport can play in enhancing personal and societal development and the EU has been at the forefront of promoting the use of sport in combating exclusion, inequalities, racism and xenophobia. As such the role of sport in promoting social inclusion has become a key focus in both research and international policy. However, there are calls for empirical evidence to show how the design and structure of projects and initiatives impact on positive social outcomes and for community level research to develop localised theoretical frameworks to inform initiatives going forwards.

This research aims to contribute empirical evidence to these areas by analysing the implications of the Mixed Ability Model (hereafter MA Model) for inclusive sport through the evaluation of disabled and non-disabled participants’ experiences of Mixed Ability Rugby (hereafter MA Rugby) in the UK and Italy. The MA Model seeks to promote social inclusion through the integration of disabled players into a mainstream social sport setting in their local community, playing alongside non-disabled participants. This research answers calls for better understanding of participant experiences and perspectives of inclusive sport and in particular hearing the voices and viewpoints of people with disabilities.

Participation in sport and physical activities has been reported to have positive impacts in achieving personal and societal benefits, leading to a plethora of policies and initiatives promoting sport. In particular, these are targeted at underrepresented and traditionally marginalised groups. Disabled people fall into this category. In England, only 17% of disabled people aged 16+ participate in sport for 30 minutes a week compared to 36% of non-disabled people and in Italy the gap is even wider, with only 15% of disabled people participating compared to 42% of the non-disabled population.

Article 30 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities encourages and promotes ‘the participation, to the fullest extent possible, of persons with disabilities in mainstream sporting activities at all levels’. However, the disability sports literature highlights a plethora of barriers remaining to this being acheived. Physical barriers are cited as lack of time, finances, carers/assistants, adequate infrastructure, transport and equipment and emotional barriers include feelings of stigmatisation and exposure to prejudice, lack of confidence and self-esteem, challenges around interpersonal communications and lack of awareness of opportunities and realistic role models.

In line with the social model of disability, inclusive sports seek to focus attention on removing these ‘disabling barriers’ through emphasising societal interventions which enable disabled people to fully participate in sport and the broader community. This leads to a more nuanced approach to sport delivery which recognises the

appear important as does the promotion and facilitation of friendship development. In addition, encouraging participants to feel a sense of ownership within a sporting initiative has been found to optimise social inclusion and therefore more inclusive outcomes are likely to arise when the development of the initiative is led by participants rather than being imposed.

The MA Model represents an innovative approach to inclusive sport by integrating disabled players into a mainstream sport setting whether as players or participating in other ways such as organisational or educational roles. The Model grew organically from a lack of provision for disabled participants to play full-contact rugby. Unlike most sports provision for disabled participants, classification and identification systems are not used and MA Rugby is governed by World Rugby Laws without adaptation and with only minor adjustments to take into account individual participant needs.

The MA Model has been developed, and is being championed by, IMAS (International Mixed Ability Sports), a community interest company who support grassroots clubs in establishing MA Rugby teams and who have co-produced educational resources with the participants of MA Rugby. Through this approach, IMAS seek to increase sustainable participation in sport, break down barriers between non-disabled and disabled participants, address social exclusion and generate long-term positive change. However, research into the MA Model is currently lacking, as is broader research into inclusive sports which encourage disabled and non-disabled participants to play collaboratively in a mainstream environment.